Joseph in 3rd dynasty Egypt evidence lists

Our thesis is that Joseph (Zaphenath-Paneah) “of the multi-coloured coat” of Genesis is Sekhemhet (Djoserty-Ankh?) of the 3rd-4th dynasty of ancient Egypt. This is just a quick brief rewritten summary as we don’t have the time/health/situation to write up a more fully detailed/explained paper. (Indeed we are not sure we will still be alive/”free” for much longer if this Hell situation/condition continues.) (We were going to leave/cut out the candidates lists, but we have left them attached at end for some people who they may still be of interest/use to.)

(Note: We can not claim much credit for the discovery though because Moller and/or Wyatt were almost spot-on with their Imhotep theory prior to us (though we made our discovery independently). (Side-note: Wyatt has suffered alot of criticism and claims about fraud/etc, yet the accusers ignore that he was right enough about Joseph and some other things.)

In our studies in our tweenties and thirties we had seen info on Philitis and Imhotep and theories of connections with the likes of Melchizedek/Shem.

Before our looking for Joseph we had noticed that the 7 years famine of Djoser/Zoser mentioned in Keller seemed similar to Joseph’s one, we also later saw that others had also connected them (in B Walker).

Some years ago we went through all dynastic history looking for any clues/evidences for the times when Joseph & Moses could be. We found that only the 3rd-4th dynasty has matches for Joseph and not any other time.

Joseph is variously dated: 1980, 1876, 17xx bc (Oxford), [ 900 bc (PSBA)?].

Dynasties Joseph has variously been put in include:
3rd dyn [Djoser/Imhotep/Sekhemhet] (by Walker/Moller/Wyatt/us),
4th dyn [suphis] (by us/Hoeh),
5th dyn [Ptahhotep/Unas] (by Wyatt/Courville),
11th dyn [Inyotef] (by Rohl (not-main)),
12th dyn [Mentuhotep/[Ptahwer/Yatu]] (by Rohl (main)/Bullen/Courville/Alford),
[13th dyn [Aufni],]
[14th dyn (by PSBA)?]
15th/16th dyn [Apophis/Hyksos] (by Manetho/Bey/orthodox/Compton),
[17th dyn] “immediately before 18th dyn” (by Bey),
18th dyn [“vizier of Ahmose1″/Ianhama/Yuya] (by Sullivan/Osman),
19th dyn [Bey] (by ?),
19th/20th dyn [Osarsiph/Irsu] (by Sayce/PSBA),
[22nd dyn (by PSBA)?]
… dyn [Ipa/Ipu/Ipi(ankh(u))],
composite/myth / not-historical (by orthodox/sceptics/Fomenko).

We see there are 3 or 4 or 5 main periods (3-5, 11-20 (11-13, 15-16, 18-20), [22]). The last is after even the orthodox placement/date and so ruled-out.

The orthodox placement for Joseph is the Hyksos (15th-16th dynasty). This is ruled out for various reasons including:
– too late in Egyptian history.
(- Their date for Joseph is also abit later than biblical date.)
– no Global air to the Hyksos dynasties period (re Global famine).
– they admit that they can’t find Joseph and Moses in their placements (but wrongly think it is the biblical that is wrong rather than their chronology).
– no Potiphera match in name and person/nature/date.
– Hebrews were not Hyksos.
– alternative scholars now favour Moses being around about 13th dynasty.
– Shechem (and Jerusalem) was mentioned in 12th dynasty execration texts [and Shechem may even be mentioned in 2nd/3rd dyn?]. In bible Shechem is founded in Jacob’s time (except for anachronistic mention in Abraham’s time).
-Josephus said there were pharaoah’s for 1300 years from Menes to Shishak [Ramses 2].
Herodotus said there were pharaohs for (1)1340 yrs from Menes to Seti (19th dyn). Joseph is 430/215 + 480 yrs before Shishak. There was only 400 years from Hyksos to 19th dynasty (San tablet).
– we have found better match.

The recent main alternative placement (of Rohl etc) is the 12th dynasty. This also is ruled out because:
– 12th dyn is too late in Egyptian (when comparing the Biblical and Egyptian timelines side by side) for Joseph who was only 3rd after Abram (generations in between Abe to Jose were only 2) who was only (1)400 yrs after flood just after extreme longevity, at beginnings of history.
– Rohl’s statue etc is not convincing.
– they have no match for name Zaphenath.
– no Potiphera.
– Egyptian orthodox chronology/dating is wrong. The date for 12th dynasty relies solely on Sothaic dating which they admit is “problematic” and have supposedly “moved away from”. Herodotus said Moeris was only 900 years before [Amasis 2].
– Rohl’s “Joseph” (“(11-)12th”) and Moses (“(12-)13th”) can’t both be so close together.

(This leaves the next alternative 3rd-5th dynasty period placement. Though that is not the reason for our placement.)

Possible evidences for Joseph in 3rd-4th dyn:
bent pyr may connect with famine;
Surid may connect with Pharaoh;
Sekhemhet matches Zaphenath;
Ra-hotep / htp-ren ~ Potiphera / Potiphar;
famine match (Djoser 7 famine, Unas famine scenes, Surid “fire”?);
models of granaries in OK tombs;
Asenath-like names (Sen-nebty, Achethotep, Arsinoe, Sethtet);
110 yr olders / centenarians;
global air (Great Pyramid geodesy, etc);
feudal period (4th-15th dyn);
name Ramses found at 3rd/4th dyn site (Hoeh),
Goshen matches Giza or Sokhem;
Philitis at Giza in 4th dyn (matching either Hebrews/Jacob/Jospeh);
3 kingdoms (Old Mid New) roughly match 3 Hermes (Set Shu/Num Thoth) match 3 reincarnations (Seth [Shem [Abe/Jose]], Moses, Samuel);
Clayton mentions presence of Asiatics in FIP;
fits with Abraham in 1st dynasty;
“grain storage bins at Step pyramid”?;
wife of Uba-aner ~ Potiphar’s wife?;
“Jacob’s ladder ~ Step pyramid”?;
store rooms around 1st dynasty tombs ~ storehouses/granaries?;
united kingdom at the time.

About that time we found that Potiphera priest of On (&/or Potiphar “captain of the guard”) may match “Ra-hotep”/”Hotep-ra” “priest of Heliopolis” (& “leader of the warriors of the monarch”) of 3rd/4th/5th dynasty.

Some have a dispute with us though in that they claim that Ra-hotep can not be read hotep-ra because of modern scholars alleged ancient Egyptian grammer rules. (Hotep/hetep means “peace/content/satisfied /rest/ease/appeased/expiated /pleased/joyous/offering”). However, from all our research we can not find definte proof that it can’t be read hotep-ra and can only be read ra-hotep, and/or even if it is perhaps so the Hebrews could still have reversed it. (Some languages write/read left to right, some write/read right to left.) There is a htp-ren…nebty in inscription found in the Sekhemhet complex. (Maybe compare htp-ren/hetep-re & Khafre/Chephren?)

names with hotep first:
htp-ren[…]_nebty, Hotep-sekhem-wy/hetepsekhemui (dyn 2), hetepahaui, Hetephires/Hetep-heres, Hotep-dif, Hetep-S-en-usret (Kahun, dyn 12), hetephernebti/hotephernebty, Hotp-hi-ma’e, hotep-ra, Hetep-ib-re (dyn 13)?, Hetepiho, htp-di-nsw, hotep-ab, hotepnetjeru, hetep-khuy.

names with re last:
throne names all end with -re/-ra.
chephren/khafre! djedefre? menkaure/mycerinus!
potiphera!, shem-re, menophres, se-ra/sa-re, atum-re, jmn-ra/amun-re, hor-ur-re, sisera, hr-ra, hotepra/hetepre, khnem-ra, [baufre?], Sahure, nDm_n_ra, padipara, s(h)p-ra, hesyre/hesy-ra/hesire/hezyra, Senakht-en-Re, sehetepibre(12th)?, Se-hotep-ab-Ra (Amenemhat 1, dyn 12)?
Se-hetep-ib-re (Amenemhet 6, dyn 13)?, Hetep-ib-re (dyn 13)?, maat-en-re/Nema(at)re/Labari, mery-ra, dua(en)re, nikaure, ankhmare, sekhemkare, rekhmire usimares hetephires?, sut-en-re, khahotepre, kha-ankh-re khanoferre/chenephres, khakara, nb-hpr-re.

names read either/both ways:
Egyptian: ra-ho’tep/ra-het’ep/rehotpe/rahotpe/rahotpu &/or hotepra/hetepre/hotepre (17th dyn, Budge/Petrie)?
redjedef/ratoises! or djedefre, heru-tataf &/or djedef-hor, [raufu &/or “ufura”?],
rakhaf/ra-khu.f/ra-xaw.f (written) &/or khaf-re/xaw.f-Ra/chephren (phrase), re-seqenen &/or seqenen-re, raneb &/or nebra,
re-hesy &/or hesy-ra/hesira, ra-amon &/or amun-ra,
amen-tutankh (written) &/or tutankh-amen,
[osar-siph &/or se-osiris?],
usert-sen &/or sen-usret/sesostris,
nar-mer &/or meri-nar, maat-en-re &/or Nema(at)re/Labari, hotepibre &/or ib-hetep-re (khamudy/hyksos)?; akhenaten &/or aton-akhen?, re.neb.hetep & nebhetepre, Meryibre/Abmerira
Hebrew/Semitic: [jonathan &/or nathanias],
[j(eh)o-hanan &/or hanan-iah], [el-nathan &/or nathana-el],
[el-hanan &/or hananeel/han(n)iel], baal-hanan & hanni-bal.
Classical: [theodora/diodorus &/or dorothea].

The 2 elements (hotep/hetep and Ra/Re) are sometimes our way around:
Hotep-ra/hetepre (Budge/Petrie), nebhetepre/[neb-hapet-ra?]/nibhotpuri/Neb-hotep-ra (Mentuhotep 1/2, dyn 11), sehetepre,
aa-hetep-re / ja-hotepra/ha’hotepre/Kha’hotep-re (Sobekhotep 5/6 dyn13), merhotepre/Mer-hetep-re (Ini, dyn 13)?, djed-hotep-re (dedumose 1), sekhahetep-ra.

“Ancient Egyptian pun reversal of htp/hetep “offering/peace/conciliation/realization of” into pth/(the god) Ptah “fire fallen into earth”.”?

[Potiphera (& Asenath) could alternatively/also possibly connect with Waddell’s “Parinbara” (and “lady Ash Nini”) readings of “predynastic” inscriptions? (Compare Parinbara & Padipara?) Perhaps compare that the store rooms around 1st dynasty tombs could connect with store houses/granaries? (Maybe also compare “Both articles are part of an expanding body of evidence that links the period once known as ‘predynastic’ so firmly to the ages of the pyramids and later, that the term should be abandoned.”]

We shortly after saw on Hancock forum and other places that some had connected Joseph and Imhotep.

Later we found that the Bent pyramid may possibly connect with the 7 years plenty & famine:
Lower half steeper/wider, upper half shallower/thinner; lower half big rocks, upper half smaller stones; 3 pi & 4 pi or 3.5 pi (half of 7). Bent pyr connected with St Joseph, Joseph’s canal.) (Though less likely, perhaps Joseph was even entombed in bent pyramid and the rough hewn tunnel hacked through masonry is from Moses removing his bones???)
(In the tales of the magicians 110 year old Djedi who dwells at Djed Sneferu (Meydum or Dahshur) possibly sounds abit like Joseph?)
(Other hitherto theories were that the Bent pyramid (&/or Meydum pyr) was due to disaster/rain/quake. Alford gave evidence that it was deliberately designed, though he connects it with duality/Set.)

One to two years ago we finally found that Sekhemhet seems to match Joseph/Zaphenath in name and nature. I was down one day and looking through Lissner’s book and saw the heading “who was Sekhemhet” and had a out of the blue (i was not thinking at all about Joseph) i had an idea/thought/feeling flash that i wonder if it could be Zaphenath. When i read the chapter and thought on it i found that the evidence seemed to support this. Later i came across F Raffaele’s info which gave more amazing confirming evidence.

table/list of similarities between Sekhemhet & Joseph (* = finds in/at Sekhemhet complex) :

Sekhem-het [~~ Saophis Comates?] ~~ Zaphen-ath?
Djoserty-Ankh ~~ Joseph?? Paneah?
“powerful body” ~~ “all-comely”?
Unas famine scenes beside Sekhemhet complex* ~~ 7 yrs famine?
Imhotep graffiti in Sekhemhet complex* ~~ Joseph connected with Imhotep??
120/132 store/storage chambers/containers* ~~ storehouses/granaries? (12 pats? 110 yrs?)
hollow gold tube / gold necklace* ~~ gold chain (Genesis 41:42)?
Sen-nebty* ~~ Asenath?
htp-ren…nebty* ~~ Potiphar/’s wife / Potiphera?
empty sarcophagus* ~~ Joseph bones removed?
giant fennel branch* ~~ 7 years plenty? (or hyssop branch from when Moses removed bones? Messianic symbol?)
ramp * ~~ chariot?
72 degrees slope ~~ 70 souls? 70 days? 7 yrs?
Sekhemhet connected with Teti ~~ Joseph was vizier (tjaty)?
Sekhemhet was unknown “Pharaoh/King” ~~ Joseph was vizier, Adon over all the land, highest in land except Pharaoh?
7 steps, (assoc with king that reigned 6/7 yrs) ~~ 7 years?

(Some of the other late 3rd dynasty odd “kings” and pyramids names may possibly connect with persons of Genesis (Jacob, Asenath, Ephraim/Manasseh, Benjamin)?)

We then also read Ron Wyatt’s Imhotep/Joseph notes and saw evidence that the 7 years famine account of Djoser and the bible’s 7 years famine of Joseph are indeed connected. (Note: Imhotep graffiti is found in Sekhemhet complex.) Wyatt gives excerpts from the 2 accounts side by side. The exact connection between Imhotep (or Serapis) and Joseph is still not certain though.

Imhotep/Joseph cons:
-his name was Joseph/Zaphenath not Imhotep.
-Imhotep comes before Rahotep.
-Djoser may be slightly too early?

Imhotep/Joseph pros:
– Imhotep graffiti in Sekhemhet complex.
– Imhotep’s titles are practically identical to Joseph’s “second in command” description in bible.
– “Tosorthros [(Djoserty?) 3rd dyn] was skilled in the art of healing sicknesses and was called the god of healing” recalls Imhotep?

– Im(-hotep) might connect with Shem or Philitis or baker or Potiphar or Joseph as foreigner?

We noticed that Surid of Masoudi is similar to Pharaoh of Joseph in Genesis and Djoser/Zoser (both had dreams, “flood and fire” ~ plenty & famine? 300 years to flood ~ 400 years to exodus, Surid/Kharid/Saurid/Surid/Soris/Seris/Ser/Sharu ~ Djoser/Zoser/Tcheser/T’a-sar/Sesor-tosis?).

Finally we had thought that Goshen seemingly may match Sokhem (Latopolis, where Josephus said the exodus started from), but we since found that Goshen may rather match Giza/Gizeh/er-ges-her “beside the high” (where was shepherd Philitis “lover of righteousness”, and which is roughly modern Cairo).

Most recently we had correspondence with an Egyptologist and there is now a question of whether Sekhemhet and Zaphenath match in name or only in meaning.

Names not / cognate?:
[~ Saophis Comates?]
~ Tsaphenath/Zaph(e)nath/Psothom?
Note PSBA has (m)nt?

Names meanings synonymous?:
We know that the name is sekhem-het and some say the Hebrew one is Zaphen-ath.
Sekhem “secret shrine, shut place, imprison”
[~ Saophis Comates “trafficker, getter”]
~ sapan/zaphan “to hide, store up, secret(s)”?
Moses could have translated sekhem as zaphan?

Sekhem-khet “powerful body”, khet “overall/all pervading/spread/throughout”
~ (Joseph) “the all-comely”?

Note on the orthodox “dates” objections:

Josephus & Herodotus has Menes only 1300 years before Solomon/Shishak, so Menes (1st dyn) is not before 2300 bc.
Herodotus said Moeris was only 900 years before [Amasis 2], which gives a date of ca 1400s for Moeris (12th dynasty).

Our reasonably certain timeline:
1st dyn ~~ Abraham/Chedorlaomer
3rd-4th ~~ Joseph
[khety ~~ kohath?]
11th ~~ Elim
12th ~~ Moses
Hyksos ~~ Amalek/Judges?
Amarna ~~ David?
19th ~~ Shishak/Ano
19th/20th ~~ Zerah
22 ~~ Phoenicians (Moscati/Rohl)
26th ~~ Neco.

Possible timeline:
Palaeolithic ~~ Nimrod?
Azilian ~~ Beersheba/Abraham? (Zehren)
Lake dwellings ~~ Joseph?
Megalithic ~~ Og/Moses? (Keller)
Stonehenge ~~ Gilgal/Joshua?
Hallstatt ~~ Gezer?

Famines/droughts of anc Egypt between 0/1 & 25th dynasties:
2 droughts supp betw aft end last Ice Age & bef 1st dyn;
famine Uenephes/Ata 1stdyn *;
7 yrs famine Zoser/Imhotep 3rddyn **;
scenes famine Unas 5thdyn;
A king of 9th dyn was Kaneferre (Chenephres?), a famine in his reign.
[7 yrs anarchy / “7 empty yrs” Mentuhotep 4 betw end11-beg12th dyn?;]
[Mentuhotep distributed food/grain 12thdyn (alan montgom/courville/…)?]
[none hungered/none thirsted Amenemhet 1?]
famine Amenemhat Beni Hasn?
“years of famine” Ameny (Senusret1) 12thdyn;
12yrs flood/famine Amenemhet3 12thdyn ***?;
“many years” famine Beba (Seqenenre) c17thdyn ***?;
3 yrs drought/famine/plague Amarna letters (18th dyn) ****.
[13 fatal years (19th-20th dyn)?]

Famines/droughts of Biblical between Noah & Nechoh:
shortage of food after Flood;
(5yrs?) famine Abraham *;
famine Isaac;
7yrs famine Joseph **;
10yrs famine Ruth ***?;
3yrs famine David ****;
3yrs drought/famine Elijah 1Ki18;
dearth Elisha 2Ki4;
great famine Elisha 2Ki6;
7yrs famine Elisha 2Ki8.
3rd/black horseman of apocalypse (6:5-6).

Note: we also have found versions of Joseph’s famine (and of Potiphar’s wife) in traditions of many ancient cultures around the world which verifies the biblical account of global famine as being true (rather than just being due to being stolen from a universal common myth).

Joseph namesakes:
Joseph son of Jacob; [Asaph?]; St Joseph father of Jesus; [Joseph Caiaphas], Joseph of Arminathea, Joseph Barsabas/Justus (Acts), [joses barnabas?]; Flavius Josephus; Emp Franz Joseph (Austria); Josephine Bonaparte; Jose de San Martin; Franz Joseph Haydn, Giuseppe Verdi, Giusepe Garibaldi; Joseph Smith snr/jnr (Mormon), joseph smith fletcher, joseph rouletabille, Joseph Chamberlain; Joseph Stalin; Joseph Goebbels; Joseph Mengale, holy joe, Judge Joseph F Crater, Joseph Campbell; Michael Yusuf/Yussef (modern pastor); Michael Joe Thannisch (priest); Joseph Johannsen (local athelete), Joe Bloggs.

References (* = orthodox academics) :

Joseph refs: damo bullen, ron wyatt, me/Sean, david m rohl, Dr Lennart Moller, Werner Keller, Barbara Walker, holy bible, Flavius Josephus, Peter Sullivan*, [Graham Hancock forum], ‘History detective’/Historum, Alan Alford, H Brugsch-Bey*, rabbi, book of Jashar, book of Asenath, G Massey, Herman Hoeh, Oxford bible concordence*, Wikipedia; Hall of Maat posters; lujack55; Don Courville; AH Sayce*; Grant Jeffrey; stephen compton*; ahmed osman; Christian quotations of pseudo-/Manetho; ; PSBA (1898).

Sekhemhet refs: francesco raffaele ( )*; Ivar Lissner (Living Past); wiki; Historum posters; Alan Alford; peter clayton (chronicle of pharaohs)*; Peter Sullivan*.

Bent pyramid refs: Alan Alford (Phoenix Solution).

Zoser/Imhotep/step pyr refs: Keller; Wyatt; Moller; Sahel/Philae; Clayton; .

Philitis refs: Herodotus

Surid refs: Masoudi; Andrew Tomas (Atlantis).

Rahotep refs: Bey (egypt under the pharaohs); Hall of Maat/Griffiths-Greenberg; Budge; Petrie.

Sokhem/Latopolis refs: j Baike; Josephus.

Pictures for this Joseph article/paper at .


rough considered candidates lists:

<<"fromearliesttimesviziersandotherofficialsofimportantrankheld the sekhem [scepter]"* sekhmet semerkhet ~ sobekemsaf? ? Pa/Pe? “shines in south “? spanios Sesonchosis. {sapneteph_onh / S-h-p-y-n-t-p-c-n-h ath*/ankh/life becos z/je za/zat d/dd sph sapa puah,noah zanub?? } ; zatanel_hatuptah fallenson} . sosis/sosus/sosos/zosus* {c h j x y. sk ks st ph ng kh nd f?} shechem sycamore hakim/hakm sigma shekinah : hap/stn/k. 14thdyn * 20thdyn.>>


Zaphanath/Zaph(e)nath-Pa(a)neah /zap(h)nat(h)pa’nea(k)h /sapenat/ tsaph(e)nat(h) /Zafenat(h)/zaf’en-ath / “Zaphenenath”/zaf’uh-nath / ‘z/S-p-n(-t)’ / Tsophnath-Pa’neach / zofnat/zoph-ent-pa-ankh (3 parts)
[or “zat(h)nap(h)/Zat-en-aph/S-t-n-p” / ” pa Za p nat neah” (metathesis)?] / pso(n)thom((-)phan(t)ech) name/meaning:
~ se(d)-p-nute(r)-ef-onh?
Gd-dn(-iw.f-‘nh) /Gd-ipt-nt-iw.f-‘nh /Gd-p3-ntr-iw.f-‘nh?
Djed-pa-netjer-iw.f-ankh /D(d)-p’-nt(r)-iw.f-‘nh /dje(d)pa_nute(r) / d(ja)d(u)-naf / Dd-n.f / djad_tu-naf / djat-naf / djed((u)-)en-ef?
t’d / t’f(a) + (m)nt/p(-)nutr / t’f(n(t)) / d’fnt / t’f-nt-pankh?
D-f-n/l-n/l-s / Dafenenas / Dafelelas?
za-p-u-nt-p-a-anch / za-pa-v-nt-pa-aa-ankh?
~ saba Sabani? yonghomph-anhx / jonqehomph-ankh? Sekhem(k)het/Sekhemk(h)et /se(s)chemchet /szehemhet/sejemjet /Sxm-xt / tefnakhte/tnephachthos/stephinat(h)es?* thafneos**? tisithen?** zanakht(e)? Sphinx (4th dyn)? Sneferu/sen-nefer? Apachnas? Saophis Comates “trafficker/getter”**? Zeenabzamin (Ethiopian)? djadja-em-ankh/zaza-m-ankh (a ‘reciter/lector/scribe/priest/magician’, tales of magicians)? Ptah/[Zaph]? sobeknakht/sobeknacht? chephren? thamphthis? iemhetep/imhotep? (se)hotep-nebty? Pete-seph (Cheremon) [reverse elements]? shepseskafankh/5th Abusir? Pa-sebakhaenniut? acesephthres? zeta alpha (pseudo-/Berosus/Syncellus)? za-puna? s3.f n ht.f “of my/his body, his son”?
~ spn/sapan/zaphan “to hide/store up”?* panis “bread”?
~ “a fruitful vine”? “the god speaks, [and] he lives”? “gov of the dist of the place of life”? “he/she who is called”? [“all-comely”?] “the one who has godlike wisdom”? “revealer of secrets”? “cover-uncover”? “stored beautiful rest” / “healer/saviour of the age/world”? “the one who furnishes the sustenance/nourishment of theland/life”? “bread giver of life”? “my provision is god”?

Joseph/Yahuwseph/yosef/yosep/[Asaph] “increaser/adding” :
name: ~ yosep? ya-seph? “jhoseph/imhotep”? tosorthros (healing)? djoserty-ankh? sepa (& neset, 3rd(-4th) dyn)? saophis comates? s(o)uphis (Hoeh)? Osar-siph/Arsu/irsu (Sayce)? Uses? statue User (Knossos 12th dyn)? Inyotef (Rohl)? usaph/usaphais? Djoser/Zoser (Sahel/Philae, B Walker)? yatu [12th]? Yuya? Har-end-yotef? aufni/yufni (13th)? Peteseph (Cheremon)? “Joseph’s canal”? Bent Pyramid associated with St Joseph? Yurugg (Dogon)? Irnefdjesef?
nature/person: ~ sekhemhet? imhotep? serapis? tisithen? bay/bey? shepherd Philitis “lover of righteousness” (4th dyn, Herodotus)? Djedi (at d(j)ed-sneferu, 110 y.o., tales of magicians)? amenophis son of Hapou? “Set” (1st Hermes)? Huy/Huny? mentuhotep (11th dyn, courville)? ptahhotep (Wyatt)?

Panea((k)h)/p-‘-n-h/pa'(e)ne(c)ha/pan-ay’ah /pa’ne(a)ch(a)/phan(t)ech / pso(n)thom(-)phan(t)ech
[or “pa Za p nat neah”?] :
~ (Djoserty-)Ankh? phoenix? Ipu/Ipi(ankh(u)) / ((‘)i)p(i)-(a)n(k)h / ‘ip’ankh’? (e)f-‘ankh / cufankh / pankh? panis “bread”? Ankh (reign Djoser)?

“the all-comely”:
(-titi “come/arrived”?)
Imhotep “comes in peace”?
meaning of Zaphenath? Sekhem-khet “might/powerful (of/inthe) body”?
nfr/nefer “comely/beautiful”?
(k)het “pervading/spread/throughout”?

Peteseph :
~ Potiphera? Zaphenath? Jo-seph? Osar-siph? Imhotep son/succesor of Ptah? Petesuchos? Siptah?

Tisithen :
~ Tithoes? Tjaty/”vizier”? Psothom/Zaphenath? Hartitifin? Ratoises?

Osarsiph :
~ Serapis? Jo-seph? Peteseph? Se-Osiris? Arsu/Irsu? Moses? Bey? osiropis?

Imhotep :
~ Philitis? foreign Joseph? baker? cupbearer? Serapis? Shem? Melchizedek? Potiphar?

Joseph a foreigner/Hebrew:
(-titi “come/arrived”?)
Imhotep “comes in peace”? Philitis?

potipher(a)/powti_phera/po(w)ti(y)_p(h)era(c) poh-tif’uh-ruh/potifera “high priest of On” (&/or saris/”eunuch” potiphar/powtiyphar/pah’tuh-fuhr/potifar “captain of the guard”/”chief executioner” [&/or ‘Potiphar’s wife’]) / Petephoros/Petephres/petepre “gift of the sun / belonging to the sun / one who belongs to Ra”
~ a certain officer “Ra-hotep”/[hotep-ra] (“chief priest of Heliopolis”, “leader of warriors of the monarch”, ca 3rd/4th/5th dyn, Bey)? htp-ren[…]_nebty (inscription in Sekhemhet’s pyramid, 3rd dyn)?* Hotephernebty? Hetephires? Hetepiho/Hetepi?* hetepahaui? Hotep-dif 2nd dyn priest?
Ptah-hotep 5th dyn? Djedefptah? Djedefhor/ Herutataf/hardjedef? Djedefre? ta-di(t)-pre? Pa-rin-bara (“predynastic” tomb inscription, waddell)? pa-di-pa-ra / pa-Di(di)-(p(a-))ra? p’-di-p’r(e)’? puti-pera (“gift sun”)? petoathyrfes/pedo-hathor? P3itnf3′? imhotep? Ptahwer (Amenemhat 3, 12th dyn)? pt/pd / pt-bar / baal/bar (chief of constructions of Ammon under Hyksos / 22nd dyn)? Bata? padjeetif? Peteseph?


names with -hotep last:
rahotep, ra-kha-hetep, Hathorhetepet, Nubhetepet, senusrethotep, aahhotep/ahinoam?, nemhotep, nubhetep, akhethotep, shesmuhotep, neferhotep, Amenhotep.

names with re/ra- / god-name first:
ra-kha-hetep, ra_uben, rauser, ra-khu-taui, ra-sokhem, ra-n-mat, rashepses, rahotep, ramses/ramesses, ressoneb, rakhaf, ra-sxm-wah-xaw, ranofer.

potiphar’s wife “Zelicah/zuleika” :
~ Eylouka (Ethiopian)? queen Dalukah (3rd/4th dyn)? Nefert/Nofret “beautiful/good” (Rahotep’s wife)? Rashaa (Imhotep’s wife)? wife of Uba-aner (tales of the magicians)? Hetephires (wife of pharaoh)? Rhodopis/Rud-didet? Hotephernebty (woman/queen, Djoser)? Htp-ren[…]_nebty (inscription Sekhemhet pyr)? Anpu’s wife (tale of 2 bros)? Iteje?

saris “eunuch”

pharaoh/pharaon (Abraham/Jose/Moses):
~ Kharid/Saurid/Surid/Soris/Seris/Ser/Sharu (3rd/4th dyn, had dream like Pharaoh in Genesis and 300 yrs before flood like 430 yrs in bible, Masoudi)? Zoser/Djoser/Tcheser/T’a-sar/Sesor-tosis (7 yrs famine, Sahel/Philae / Keller/Walker/Wyatt)? sneferu? huny?
“a.per?.a.p?.p?.?”/Aaperti? pr-‘3 (pr “house” & ‘3 “column”)?
“Great house”? pharaohs/gods Menes-Shishak/Seti (Josephus/Herodtus/Newton)? king Pheros (Herodotus)? Faro (Bambara)? [roeh] “shepherd”? late? Apophis (pseudo-/Manetho)? serekh/building? building/menes? pyramid? Pirua (Peru)? pra- (Indian)? se-ra? waddell? late/later? baron? Phoroneus? Pharamond? Farouk?


~ Arsinoe (near “Joseph’s canal” and ‘bent pyramid’)? Sethet/Sethtet (daughter/child of Ra-hotep, sibling of Djedi)? Achethotep (“son of Rahotep”)? Achetaa? Sen-nebty &/or Djeseretnebti (Sekhemhet pyramid, some think it is the name of Sekhemhet’s queen)? Aso (wife of Typhon)? Isis? Sais? Ahinoam? Rashaa (wife Imhotep)? Ash_Nin-i/lady_Ash/Ha (“predynastic” tomb inscripton, Waddell)? “Queen’s Pyramid” (Bent Pyramid satellite)? Aswan? ns/ns-nt/nes-neit/(n)(e)s-n(ei)t/sneit/Neith (11th-18th)? iu.s-en-neit / ius-en-at/i(w)s(n)nt/ as(-)en-neit /as-en-at? Acanthus (near Bent Pyramid/Dahshur)? Neset (& Sepa, 3rd dyn)? cp nes-bended/smendes? heni? nisuteh/nswth/nswt_h_(w)/swtenh? akhetaa? Sati/Satet (Sahel/Philae)? 22nd dyn? Atet (& Nefer-Maat)? Serach daughter of Asher (Rabbinic)? Aswan (Sahel/Philae)? (sit-hathor-)yunet? As-t_Tem? Het-Senter? Asherah? Athena? n hwt nswt “the royal wife”?

~ Seshem… (city, Huny)? ramses 2? name ramses found in 3rd/4th dyn site (Hoeh)? se-ra? Mesoc(h)ris (dyn 2/3)? moscheres? word Pyramid? Ramses before Cheops in Herodotus? Armiyses? Mesir (Memphis/Cairo)? rayosis? Rimush? Remus? Musare?

Jacob/Israel ~ Khaba (3rd/4th dyn)? khaibawsokar? shepherd Philitis “lover of righteousness” (Giza, 4th dyn, Herodotus)? imhotep? ka-aper (sheik el beled)? Khufwey/Khufu/Cheops? khabaw(13)? asher? Yakobaam/Yakob-her/Apachnan (through link of Hyksos/Anysis with captive shepherds/Philitis/Pyramid Builders/Unas)? yakbim (14)?

[jacob’s ladder ~ step pyramid (TRR Welling)?]

7 yrs plenty:
~ Surid’s “flood”?
sphinx torrential rain marks (Schoch)?
“In Nephercheres’ reign Manetho records that the Nile flowed with honey [for 11 days] — not literally, but figuratively, as the land of Palestine was to flow with milk and honey — great prosperity”?
lower half of bent pyramid (Alford)?
giant fennel branch on top of Sekhemhet sarcophagus? chnubos/gneuros “gold/prosperity”?

7 plenty & famine:
– 2 halves of the bent pyramid?
– “flood” & “fire” of Surid (Masoudi)?
– 14 years for which name of king is lost Eratosthenes?
– 13 fatal years (19th/20th)?
4th dyn pyramid name “cool”?

Joseph’s famine/scarcity
– “Lonnie G. Thompson of Ohio State University and his colleagues found a dust spike preserved in a Peruvian mountain glacier that marks “a major drought” in the Amazon Basin about 2200 B.C., give or take 200 years.”?
– Egyptian wheat found in Lake Dwellings built on dried up lake shores (western neolithic contemp with merimde in egypt)?
– Danubians did/n’t discover that fields exhaust/revitalise after being cultivated/left for 7 years?
– parched/famine/drought of Athamas (2 wives, golden fleece legend)?
– in reign of atys son of manes the whole of lydia suffered from a famine?
– Greek: “During the 7 yrs that followed not a drop of rain fell in Thera, & every tree on the isl, except 1, withered & died” (Herodotus)?
– Egyptian wheat found in Lake Dwellings (neolithic) built on dried up lake shores?
– Djoser’s 7 yr drought/famine?
– Surid’s “fire”?
– lean upper half of bent pyramid (cp Alford)?
– famine scenes of Unas’ which are beside Sekhemhet’s complex.
– grain storage bins at step pyramid and buried pyramid.
~ 2 predynastic droughts between Ice Age and Dynastic (Cambridge Anc Hist)?*
– heqanakht [famine]?
– legend of Khenmu 7 year famine?
– bk of Dead 7 cows/7 sheafs?
– predict 3 dooms by 7 hathors/cows?
– Egypt: “The Myth of the Heavenly Cow speaks of a great famine, which necessarily entails a failure of the inundation and the death of the population because they had no fresh water to drink.”
~ Myth of Hathor & Sekhmet slaying men = “plagues & starvation which accompan the dry season immediately preceeding the rise of the river.”
~ ankhtifi “all of upper Egypt was dying of hunger…”?
– hungryrock: ‘…Because Hapy [the river god] had failed to come in time in a period of seven years. Grain was scant, kernels were dried up, scarce was every kind of food…’
– Shu (hot/dryness) & Tefnut (moisture)?
– 7 steps sekhemhet pyr?
– the king scholars correspond with sekhemhet reigned 6/7 years?
– global atmosphere of 4th dynasty (Great Pyramid geodesy & boat etc)?
– Ethiopian: “the country that Anayer had come from had been afflicted by 7 yrs of famine (Hancock).
– Faro [Pharaoh?] (vs Teliko/desert wind) came to earth after long period of drought during which most living things died (Bambara/African, M Jordan)? – 7comet orbits (Velikovsky)?
– 7 days creation Astarte?
– epic of Gilgamesh bull of heaven 7 yrs (about same time)?

Joseph & potiphar’s wife
– Slav: “His wife was attracted to Ilya and commanded that he come to her, on pain of her complaining to Svyatogor of discourtesy.”
– Greek/Classical/Roman: chaste Virbius spurned love of women, Aphrodite stung by his scorn, disdained stepmother Phaedra, she falsely accused him to his father, sea-god sent bull from waves (G Frazer).
– Classical: bellerophon & anteia K Proitos wife; hippolytus & phaedra; peleus & astydamia/cretheis wife of K Acastos.
– Egyptian version: “the tale of two brothers” (Bata and Anpu’s wife, date 6th dyn/mid kdm?), (Keller, .)
– Uba-aner’s wife (Tales of the Magicians)?
– eshmun pursued by astronoe;
[- Phoenic: Aqhat refuses to give bow to the goddess (tho not quite the same), (Larouse)?]
– Combabus solicited by [Syria-Dea?] (refs Lucian, G Massey.) *
– gilgamesh & ishtar?
– North Amer-Ind: Akaiyan & Nopatsis wife [also even with a Benjamin parallel], (L Spence).

dream Pharaoh:
dream Surid? bk of Dead 7 cows/7 sheafs? predict 3 dooms by 7 hathors/cows?

land of Gos(h)en/goson / Gesem (LXX/Sept) / Kessan (Artapanus) (“place of light/plenty/comfort”, “best of the land”, land of Rameses) :
~ (cp Gozan?) giza/gizeh/er-ges-her “beside the high” (pyramids, philitis, Herodotus, A Room, roughly modern Cairo)? (cp Gaza?) So-khem/Sekhem/Sehem/khem / Ausim/Usim/Ashim (Latopolis, josephus, Baike)? [Sekhem/Khesem/Khesm “the secret shrine/most holy place/holy of holies” (Bey)?] Skhem? Sekhem (town of Sapti (1st dyn)/Senta (2nd dyn))? Kakem (city-governor of Sneferu)? Seshem… (city, Huny)? Seshem-tawy (Delta)? town of u-shesem? Sesen (s/k, sh/kh intchge)? Feshn (kh/f intchge)? kesem/kes 6 mi east of Bubastis? gasmu (tribe arabs)?
Faqus/fakus/Phacussa/Qesem (city/nome, Rohl)? Goseir/Qoseir (n/r intchge), Gosu/Cusae (“too far south”), Gesy/Qus, Kush/Kesh, Mt Kasios/Casius? Khesun/Xois/Kaset? Kahun? ro-henet/lahun/labyrinth? Hosan? Dahshur? Usheru/Ousherou (el-arish inscription/’Horus vs enemies of Re’)?

70 souls come with Jacob:
~ 72 conspirators with Set condemn Osiris? 70 kings 70 days 7th dynasty? Sekhemhet pyramid slope 72 degrees? 72 degrees to e-w alignment of Dahshur & Giza pyrs? “pyramid built 73,300 years ago”? 74 degrees Meydum pyr now? Djoser pyramid slope 75 degrees? 75 names Ra?

cupbearer/butler “Merod”:
~ imhotep? thafneos?

baker ~ thafneos? imhotep?

(ephraim &) manasseh/mandonkeyeh
~ amuneshi/ amuneneschi (12th)?
manat? metjen? menelik? (asher &) mentu/mentyw? menkaure? 2 sons Pepi?

ephraim (& manasseh)
~ asher (& mentu/mentyw)? nefermaat (& atet, meydum)? pehernefer? [ephratha]? habiru?

~ bedjmes?

sera(c)h bat/daughter of asher (in Rabbinic tradition/Talmud/Midrash Joseph was buried in/under the Nile, and Moses was helped to find Joseph’s coffin by a woman named Serach daughter of Asher) :
~ se-Ra/sa-Re “son of the sun”? Ser/Seris/Surid? Djoser/Zoser/Tcheser/T’a-sar? Asenath/Asherah? Serapis (Imhotep/Sakkarah)? saris “eunuch”? serekh? Rashaa (wife Imhotep)? Dahshur?

430 years : Surid who had a dream like Pharaoh was 300 years before the “Flood”. (This latter “Flood” may be either the sothaic of senusret 3, or 12yrs flood of Amenemhet, or exodus/Red sea crossing, or Atlantis sinking (all 12th dynasty).)
The events in the legend/story of Horus (Behdeti/of Edfu) versus adversaries of Re(-Harakhty) (which is like exodus) are said to have taken place in the 356th/363rd year of reign of Ra/Re-Harakhty. (Ra’s reign starts from 3rd/4th/5th dynasty.)
372 bits pectoral Sithathoryunet? 440 yrs TDD (Irish)?
Rohl’s “Joseph (11th-)12th dyn” and “Moses (12th-)13th dyn” can’t both be so close together.
Compare “480 yrs = 12 generations of 40 years”.
– [“10 generations reach from Joshua back to Ephraim: Joseph ~ 1667; Ephraim ~1647; Beriah ~1627; Repham ~1607; Resheph ~1587; Telah ~1567; Tahan ~1547; Laadan ~1527; Ammihud ~1507; Elishama ~1487; Nun ~1467; Joshua ~1447”.]
– (Flood was in am 1656.) Jewish traditon says exode was in 2666 anno mundi.
– “15 generations sothaic cycle / 443 years” before 16th dynasty (after “8 demigods / 217 years”) in [Syncellus?]?
– 500 years to Moses/Azrail?
– 4th dynasty prophesied to last 150 years [half of 300 like 215 half of 430?]

viz(i)er (tjaty/t3ty):
Djoser-ty(-Ankh)? Djoser-Teti/Djoser-Tety (“Sekhemhet”)? Teti/teta/ttij? t’at’ai/djadjay/tchatchai/zazay? tyet (Imhotep)? tisithen? “from earliest times viziers and other officials of important rank held the sekhem [scepter]” [Sekhemhet]? Imhotep’s title is almost identical to Joseph’s in bible? Sekhemhet originally an “unknown” “king/pharaoh”? giant fennel branch on Sekhemhet sarcophagus similar to feather/fan of viziers (like Huy)?
{viziers: joseph [3rd/4th dyn], imhotep (3), vizier Ipa, rahotep/(pa)rahotep (17), ptahhotep (5), vizier Bay/Irsw (19/20).}

~ 120/132 [grain] storage containers at Sekhemhet’s “pyramid” (Lissner); grain storage bins at Zoser’s step pyramid (grain kernels were found in them, Wyatt)? models of granaries in Old Kdm tombs ([Keller?])? store rooms around pre/early dynastic tombs (Wyatt, cp Waddell etc). Labyrinth? [Surid’s “storehouse”?] vast quantity of stone vases under step pyramid? pyramids?

high priests:
aclimon (3rd/4th), rahotep (3rd/4th/5th), potiphera, jannes/jambres.

not mentioned because maybe how they were considered at the time?
ramp of Sekhemhet’s “buried pyramid”? In the tales of the magicians, in the story of Djedi there are vehicles that might be interpreted as chariots (4th dyn)? herodotus says the chariots were lost in time of Sesostris (12th dyn). The ramps of the 11th dynasty terrace temple of Mentuhotep 1 (&/or Deir-el-Bahri) might also be related (pics Clayton)?
Wheel-like symbols in FIP/MK pictures?

not buried in Egypt:
sekhemhet sarcophagus empty, bent pyr empty,
sobeknakht broken/empty, imhotep not found/known.

shekels/silver pieces:
(Joseph sold for money a type of Jesus sold for money.)

110/centenarian (Jacob, Jose, Moses, Joshua):
king Pepy/Phiops (6th) dynasty was a centenarian. centenarians/110-year-olders in OK (eg Djedi the 4th dyn magician lived 110 yrs).
110 yrs “perfect old age”.
soliman “an elderly man prob died in his 90s”?

isrir, Herusha, Asiatics FIP.
shephred Philitis of 4th dyn?
captive shepherds? Hyksos/king shepherds? Set(h)? Aamu? “lepers”? Shut? Shasu? Shemsu? Asher? Mentu (“Manasseh”)? Rom(t)? amelut sagaz Mesh / Habiru? Namu?

Bent Pyramid:
attributed to time of about Sneferu (3/4 dyn).
(why Sneferu allegdedly had 2 or 3 pyramids?)

abrech/abrek “bow the knee” : ab b ton? ka-aper (4th dyn)? Repa/Erpa?

adn/adon : horemhib?

“Apophis” (pseudo-Berosus):
Apepi (Hyksos?) Pepy? Saophis? Souphis? Anpu? Apis/Serapis? Osiropis? Apachnan? Zaphenath? Athothis? Epaphos? 1st Hermes Set?

God/Yhwh/I Am/El:
son/succesor of Ptah/Thoth? Im(-hotep)? son of Ra? Nuk pa Nuk? Neter? Set? Iahu? Aton? Khnum?


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