Lost Tribes of Israel?

The “10 Lost Tribes of Israel”.

The Bible’s lists of the tribes of Israel sometimes vary but they always arrive at the total of 12. Jacob/Israel the father of the Israelites/Jews had 12 sons and 1 daughter. Later on in Genesis Jacob replaced Reuben and Simeon with Joseph’s 2 sons. After the Israelites left Egypt Levi was not counted as one of the 12 territorial tribes of Israel, but the two sons of Joseph were counted as 2 tribes making the number back upto 12 (or “13” counting the two half-tribes of Manasseh as 2 tribes). Revelation’s list of the 12 tribes excludes Dan but includes Levi.

In the bible the kingdom of Israel spilt into 2 kingdoms of Israel/Ephraim (North) and Judah (South, house of David). It is usually said that there are 10 northern tribes and 2 southern tribes, though the southern kingdom actually had more than 2 tribes (Judah, Benjamin, Simeon, Levites, part of Dan). Simon was absorbed into Judah, and Levi never possessed any tribal territory of their own, being dispersed amoung the other tribes, hence the “2” tribes of Judah. The northern kingdom became quite idolatrous/pagan. Later on the northern kingdom was taken into captivity by the Assyrians, and the southern kingdom was later taken into captivity by the Babylonians. The fate of the northern tribes is unknown after their being taken away. 2 Kings & 1 Chronicles say the tribes were deported to Halah, Habor, Hara, the Gozan river, and the cities of Media. 2 Esdras 13 mentions them ending up in a land named Arsareth (Ararat? Nazareth?) Rabbinic sources “offer a number of alternative locations for the exiled tribes” (including Nihar, Afriki, Selug, Daphne of Antiochia, Rivlathah). One common placement is in the area of a river Sa(m)batyon/Sambatino “sabbath” (Shambhala? Cambyses? Sapta-Sindhu?)

There may not necessarily be any lost tribes except for Dan in Revelation, because:
– The bible says that Yahwist Israelites from the north went to Judah and pagan Judahites from the south went to Israel (2 Chronicles 11:16-17?)
– The pagan northern tribes were lost because pagan.
– “when Sargon II took them captive, there was only 27,290 captives”
– Samaritans retain some northern Israelite blood.
– Babylon took over the Assyrian empire; Persia took over Media (where some of the lost tribes are supposed to have ended up).
– There are people from “lost tribes” in post-exilic history eg Anna of tribe of Asher in Luke; Simeonite in Judith 6; Ephraimites in Judith 6? Eldad ha-Dani “the Danite”; David ha-Reuveni “the Reubenite” 1524-1532.
– Some persons in Israel had two parents from two different tribes.
– Jesus’ 12 disciples/apostles may have been from 12 tribes comparable to the 12 men from 12 tribes in ‘Joshua’? (Compare the 24 elders of Revelation. Though some of the disciples like Peter & Andrew and James & John were brothers.)
– The letters of James (Jacob) & Jude are to Israelites & Jews?
James addessed his letter to “the 12 tribes who are scattered about”, which might mean there are lost tribes, or might refer to other later Jews/Christians? Compare Acts 26:6-7.
– “10” lost tribes is a type connected with 10 patriarchs, 10 commandments, 10 disciples/apostles (minus Judas & Thomas), 10 horns of the beast.
– The ‘Bene Israel’ Pathans of Afghanistan might be some remnant northern tribes.
– Modern genetic/dna testing would identify any major relatives.

Ezekiel 37:16-22 “You, son of man, take one stick, and write on it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write on it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and [for] all the house of Israel his companions: and join them for you one to another into one stick, that they may become one in your hand. When the children of your people shall speak to you, saying, Will you not show us what you mean by these? tell them, Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his companions; and I will put them with it, [even] with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in my hand. The sticks whereon you write shall be in your hand before their eyes. Say to them, Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the nations, where they are gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land: and I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all; and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all;”
This might refer to post-exilic Jews (consider the name Jew since refers to all Israelites/Hebrews), and/or to the diaspora and modern Jewry.
(2 Nations Sephardim/Mediterranean/Orientalid & Ashkenazim/Yiddish/Armenoid? Liberal & Orthodox? “Setian/Aristotlean & Ophite”? 2 Olive trees? 2 Witnesses? Israeli Jews & Jews in the West?)

west bank – east bank / transjordan (Joshua)
manasseh – ephraim (Gen 48)
10 lost tribes of Israel – 2 tribes of Judah (& Benjamin)
2/3rd of jews perish – 1/3rd remnant of jews saved
concubines/Bilhah – wives/Rachel/Leah
Leah – Rachel
Dinah – 12 patriarchs
Dan – 12 tribes (Revelation 7:5-8)
john – peter (John 20:3-8)
john – matthew
10 disciples – thomas, (judas) (John 20:19-29)
levi/jeshua/priest – judah/zerubbabel/king (Hagg 1:14; Zech 6:11)
faith of yeshua – those who keep the commandments (Rev 14:12)
2 witnesses: Elijah – Moses
Japheth/El – Shem/Yhwh (Gen 9:26-27)
Paul/Luke – Peter/Mark (Acts)
Paul – James
13th tribe – 12 tribes?
master – chosen
Ophite – Setian
patriarchal – matrilineal

The Ratana theory that Maoris are related to lost tribes is unlikely because of distance, and racial difference.
The Mormon theory that Amerinds are lost tribes is also unlikely because of distance, geographical barriers/separation, and racial difference. Beside which the Book of Mormon has them pretty much only from one tribe (Manasseh), and from Judah in Zedekiah’s reign long after the northern kingdom was gone. The Mormon theory has America as Manasseh in common with the BI theory. Perhaps compare: “In 1655, the great Jewish philosopher and advocate Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel used the theory that the Native Americans were descended from the ten tribes to support his petition to Oliver Cromwell for the Jews’ readmittance into Britain.” (Though there are interesting claims of Los Lunas Decalogue Stone, Jehu inscription, etc in the Americas.)
The BI/CI & Armstrong theories that western Europeans especially British commonwealth.royalty and Irish nations are descended from lost tribes is unlikely due to racial difference (Europeans are certainly not Jewish/Semitic). (It is interesting though that the name Britain would mean “covenant” in Hebrew.)
The Jewish Ethiopian Falasha are apparently from the southern kingdom of Judah not from the northern kingdom. Eldad Ha-Dani might have been from Ethiopia. The Lemba further south might also be connected with these people?
Fitzgerald-Lee claimed that Ghenghis Khan had a squad of Jews, but Jantsang said that Ghenghis never would have even seen a Jew (or a negro either).


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